Malacca Sultanate was established in the late 14th century, but was conquered by Portugal in 1511. The fortress, which is today called Porta de Santiago, and St. Paul Church were built under the reign of Portugal. Francisco Xavier from the Jesuit order started his mission over the eastern Asian countries in Malacca. Then Holland came to conquer the land in 1641 expelling the Portuguese. After 1824 it had been controlled by Britons. With the outbreak of the Great East Asian War, the Japanese Imperial Army kicked the Britons out, but unfortunately the Britons came back after the defeat of Japan.
While Japan was in the fierce fight with the allied forces, it trained local young people to create the leaders of their country. The young people who got knowledge and abilities in the Japanese military facilities joined the cause of their own independence, and finally achieved independence on Aug. 31st in 1957. That is to say, the next day was their 59th Independence Day.
The Singapore Asian Revival School was established in May, 1942 and was moved to Malacca in July, 1943 and had been called the Malay Asian Revival School since then. The Japanese Army trained and encouraged nearly 1000 local leaders to resist their enemies and win their own independence from the European superpowers.
What the Allies got in the Great East Asian War was only negative assets like red China, the north-south problem in Vietnam and Korea, the Cold War, and so on. Only Japan, I think, fulfilled its purpose, i.e. the independence of all the Asian countries. The Japanese leaders in the War, such as Hideki Tojo and Mamoru Shigemitsu, would be chuckling in heaven.
Some people insist that Japan invaded Southeast Asian countries, but do you have any idea what nation gave education to local people, or what nation gave them weapons and gave them lectures on how to use them, or what nation formed a voluntary army for local people?
Portugal, Holland, and Britain exploited numerous people during centuries and never gave them anything but pain. Though the reign of Japan was only 3 years and 7 months, the basis of this country was formed in this term, I believe. I'd like to visit the place where the Asian Revival School used to stand, but in vain due to the shortness of time.
Malacca, the oldest city of Malaysia, has made remarkable progress as a harbor city and now receives more than 6 million international and domestic guests a year. Its historic streets were listed on UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. The picture shows the Strait of Malacca from the hill on which St. Paul Church stands.
Malacca Sultanate マラッカ王国
A' Famosa ファモサ要塞跡 (別名)Porta de Santiago サンチャゴ砦
Jesuit order イエズス会
the Great East Asian War 大東亜戦争
Asian Revival School （拙訳）興亜訓練所